Learn About Snake Control and Removal

    Snake Facts

    1. Most nonvenomous snakes have teeth that can puncture human skin.
    2. If bitten by a snake the area must be extensively cleaned as they carry bacteria, and always seek medical attention.
    3. If required to handle snakes, handle with proper protective equipment, and with extreme care.
    4. All snakes, when sitting stationary, have a special odor they emit for social and mating purposes.
    5. Some snakes, when threatened, will excrete a harsh odor through their cloacal glands to scare or dissuade their enemies.
    6. Some nonvenomous snakes will coil themselves and try to rattle their tales as fast as possible to imitate more dangerous snakes. They may rattle their tails against debris and may mimic the sound be exhaling air.
    7. Most nonvenomous snakes will try to flatten their heads to triangular like shape to mimic more dangerous snakes.
    8. Colors and patterns of snakes do not matter regarding species identification. There are non-venomous snakes who have almost identical features to venomous snakes. i.e. water snakes vs cotton mouth snakes.
    9. Every snake is beneficial to its environment.
    10. Many snakes can open their mouths upwards of 180 degrees.
    11. Nonvenomous snakes feed upon bugs, insects, rodents, and even grow to eat venomous snakes, this helps control rodent populations in their area.
    12. Snakes venom can still produce up to 2 hours after death.
    13. Most snakes can climb and swim.
    14. Snakes get most of their water from their food source, but still need outside water sources.
    15. All species have detachable lower jaws to eat anything 4 to 5 times bigger than the size of their heads.
    16. A snake’s stomach acid is strong enough to break down bones. Occasionally you will see snakes pass hair.

    Venemous Snakes in Kansas

    Venemous snakes include: Copperhead Snake, Cotton Mouth Snake (aka: Water Moccasin), Timber Rattlesnake, Western Diamond Back Rattlesnake, Eastern Diamond Back Rattlesnake, and Massasauga Snake.


    Scientific Name: Agkistrodon Contortirix

    Prevalence: Very Common

    Range: Eastern and Central U.S. (excluding FL and GA)

    Average Length: 2-3 feet

    Venom Toxicity: Least toxic compared to other snakes in the region, damage is local soft tissue, can get serious infection if not properly cared for, can be fatal in rare conditions.

    Additional Information
    Copperhead Snake
    Cottonmouth Snake


    Scientific Name: Agkistrodon Piscivores

    Prevalence: Very Common

    Range: Southeastern United States

    Average Length: 3-4 feet

    Venom Toxicity: Damage of tissue found near wound site, causes tissue and muscle damage, can lead to death if treatment is not received in a timely manner.

    Additional Information


    Scientific Name: Sistrurus Catenatus

    Prevalence: Not Common

    Range: Midwest

    Average Length: 2-3 feet

    Venom Toxicity: Cytotoxic venom, destroys tissue, contains blood clotting enzymes, internal bleeding.

    Additional Information
    Western Massasauga Snake
    Timber Rattlesnake

    Timber Rattlesnake

    Scientific Name: Crotalus Horridus

    Prevalence: Not Common

    Range: Southeastern United States

    Average Length: 2.5-12 feet

    Venom Toxicity: Hemotoxic, destroys tissue, causes swelling, discoloration.
    *small chances of being bit as they are docile, if bit it is likely a dry bite unless they think you are food.

    Additional Information

    Western Diamondback

    Scientific Name: Crotalus Atrox

    Prevalence: Not Common

    Range: Southwestern United States

    Average Length: 3-7 feet

    Venom Toxicity: Large amounts of venom in bites, bigger glands, hemotoxic, contains cytotoxins, and mytotoxins. Cause damage to cardiovascular system, blood flow damage, tissue loss, internal bleeding, etc.
    *Accounts for many of rattlesnake incidents*

    Additional Information
    Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
    Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake

    Eastern Diamondback

    Scientific Name: Crotalus Adamanteus

    Prevalence: Not Common

    Range: Southeastern United States

    Average Length: 3-6 feet

    Venom Toxicity: Can lead to blood clots, improper cardiovascular system functions, cardiac failure.

    Additional Information

    *Note: All information contained is apposite to Kansas.